The singing Sikh
When a regal looking Sikh in an azure blue Sherwani began to play few bars of music on the Saranda, it was powerful and emotional experience.
The Saranda, an ancient Indian instrument, dating some 500 years or more, had all but disappeared from our society. The string and skin instruments such as rabab, Jori (a tabla-type drum), taus, and dilruba were an integral part of the Kirtans sessions delivered by Sikh spiritual leaders like Guru Arjun, Guru Gobind Singh and others. Their pure notes travelled across the room in perfect resonance. Remember, it was an era devoid of mics, expensive sound systems and amplifiers.
Music and prayer went hand-in-hand and an enlightened soul was the byproduct of this union.
Slowly, over the years, the ubiquitous harmonium, nudged these vessels of sublime sounds out. A few of instruments from the bygone era found their way into British museums where they languished in anonymity until a musician on a quest to decipher the meaning of the Sikh Shabds (scriptures) stumbled upon them.
Surinder Singh, popularly known as Prof. Surinder Singh, founder, director of Raj Academy, a United Kingdom (U.K.)-based organization, with branches here in Toronto, has devoted his life to the revival of the Sikh musical heritage. His students learn Gurmat Sangeet and Naad (sound) yoga.
The spirit of music
When Surinder saw the beautiful instruments tucked away in museums, he thought it was sacrilege that “his music was in prison.” So, he liberated them.
At 13, while learning Indian classical music, a young Surinder questioned his gurus – Pandits Kharaiti Lal Tahim and Mahant Ajit Singh, on the underlying meanings of the raagas and scriptures and how they mattered.
His wise teachers told him to embrace meditation or else, they said he would have to make room for medication. Those words didn’t hit home, until an accident at 19 incapacitated him physically and psychologically. It was then he understood music’s power to heal the body.
“My spiritual yearning and my curiosity led me to ask my gurus the meaning behind the Shabds or a particular raga and how they were relevant to me daily life,” Singh said. “As I looked deeper and deeper into ancient India’s science of sound, I followed the path and the footprints led me to England.”
Surinder Singh searched and found two individuals in India that could carve wood to perfection and install natural gut strings into rababs and sarandas. much like the way other craftsmen did more than 500 years ago.
When coaxed, the instruments, under a skilled musician’s fingers or the tanti saaj as the people that master the Gurumat Sangeet are known, produce sounds that soothe the restless mind create a spiritual awakening.
“In the Western world (England, Russia, U.S. Canada and others) there are 3,000 musicians today that are playing the music and applying the science behind them,” he explained. “So many of them have experienced the healing power of the music and found relief from diseases. This is what pulled me in. I am honestly telling you, I am the happiest and healthiest person walking…there’s no question. This is what music gave me.”
Sublime, surreal and sacred
Singh says listening to the tanti saaj deliver the ragas can transport a soul into a state of bliss. I can attest to that. I heard few bars and felt the tension seep away as the music percolated my psyche.
“The instrument is known as the shadow of your voice,” Surinder Singh said. “There’s this guy, Raj who makes these old Sikh instruments and his father was a third-generation artist who taught him to study the wood and the temperament of music, the string and how to measure those…when I approached this guy, he agreed to make the instruments and the ones he made are identical to the ones I saw in the museum.”
The student and her story
Jasvir Kaur, a student of the Raj Academy and a rabab player, said music became her salvation when the death of her brother pushed her into an abyss of misery.
The Sikh rabab or Firandia rabab is a lute-like instrument and is a precursor to the Sarangi. It has a deep, soulful tempo. It was the choice instrument of Guru Nanak or the “singing guru” as Jasvir calls him.
“One can connect with the philosophy of Guru Nanak through music,” Jasvir, 32, told Toronto Desi Diaries. “His message was universal and beyond the constraints of religion. It didn’t have boundaries. I wanted to connect with the energy, so I started to learn music from “professor ji” (Surinder Singh). When I started, I learned dilruba, another string instrument that’s played with a bow after four years of training with that, I moved to the rabab.”
“For me, this is who I am. My music is not separate from me,” she continued. “The raagas used within Sikh music are there for very specific reason – to help you tune your mind and soul, so that you can learn to communicate with yourself. When you’re at peace, you can share and project that with the outside world. In some of my more difficult days, this was my lifeline.”
For a sample of the music, watch the video below. You will be lifted. I guarantee.
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